Esta é a trigésima oitava semana do Roteiro de Estudos para Aprender Inglês Sozinho, é importante que as semanas sejam seguidas a risca para que o método funcione com sucesso, e que você alcance o seu potencial.
Caso você esteja chegando agora, acesse a primeira semana através deste link para começar essa jornada com o pé direito.
Se perdeu o roteiro da 37ª semana é só acessar este link.
Roteiro de Estudos – 38ª Semana
Desde a 31ª semana, o nosso roteiro ganhou uma cara um pouco diferente e mais arrojada. Passamos a trabalhar com um formato que tende a focar menos na parte gramatical e nas regras, e olha mais para a vivência do inglês, ou seja, busca mais a expansão do vocabulário e a compreensão de textos e atividades mais complexas, tanto na leitura e na escrita como no entendimento do que se é ouvido.
Para que você possa alcançar a fluência ou proficiência no língua inglesa, principalmente a partir desta etapa mais avançada, é importante ter em mente não apenas o conteúdo já passado, que será reforçado agora por meio das atividades, mas também e principalmente se empenhando em manter uma frequência de escrita e treino de listening que te ajude a realmente evoluir na linguagem. Pois, sem o uso constante nesta fase do aprendizado as metas desejadas se tornaram cada vez mais difíceis de ser alcançadas. Isso é natural em qualquer língua, até mesmo no português que, se não é constantemente utilizado em sua forma correta pode se tornar defasado.
Caso você precise repassar a explicação de cada etapa deste novo roteiro, busque voltar no roteiro da 31ª semana e ler o passo a passo completo.
Além dessas dicas, atente-se para o fato de que a sua frequência de estudos é essencial para o aprendizado e que cumprir os exercícios propostos é importantíssimo para o desenvolvimento e evolução deste roteiro. Busque também manter conversas ou até mesmo ler seus próprios textos em voz alta e gravá-los para ouvir mais tarde, faça qualquer tipo de atividade que envolva a conversa e a oratória. Isso é uma peça-chave no caminho da fluência em qualquer língua. Aproveite sua evolução no listening para perceber os próprios erros e corrigí-los, assim, você vai gravá-los definitivamente.
Leitura e Interpretação – Social Media
How Has Social Media Changed Us?
By Carrie Kerpen for Forbes – 21-02-2016
Without question, Social Media has had a profound impact on the concept of a “personal brand”. Our lives become increasingly more public, as we all share information on a variety of networks. This transition hit us like a truck– first it was “the kids” spending time on Friendster, Myspace, and then Facebook. Now, over 78% of the U.S. population has a social network profile. This behavioral shift has reverberating effects– not just in how we spend our time, but in how we feel about ourselves. In speaking to hundreds of women leaders on my podcast, All the Social Ladies, I’ve seen this time and time again. I thought it was time to share some of their perspectives– and so, I asked them: How do you think social media has changed you? Do you think that others having more access to information about you has made you more confident? Less? Do you find yourself changing how and what you say based on the fact that you know things are so readily shared?
I loved the story that Lynne Jarman Johnson, the CMO of Consumer’s Credit Union, relayed to me about the impact that embracing social media has had on her everyday life. “I’ve always been an open book”, Johnson said. “But social media cracks the binding way open. If you think people are not watching what you do, I’ll give you an example. There was a man who ‘introduced’ himself over a gas pump to my husband. ‘Hey (spoke my husband’s first name like they were best pals), I know Lynne!’ My husband asked how he knew me. The stranger’s response? ‘Oh, I’ve never met her, or you. I just follow Lynne on Facebook– so I feel like I know you.’ This scenario reminded me that what you post stays with you forever.” Johnson uses the hashtag #SimplyBeKind as a reminder to be kind both online and off– and she attributes social media to keeping her and others accountable to subscribing to that mantra. “You cannot hide behind a computer screen”, she says.
Although it’s true that you can’t hide behind a screen, you can choose what and where to post. Some find that the more open and authentic you are, the better. Social media helped Anita Rosner, renowned blogger and host of the podcast Snork, gain the confidence to relaunch her acting career. Rosner recently relaunched her acting career after a 20+ year absence. To do so, she decided she needed to get real about the process. “I’ve ditched posting the best of myself, and now post photos that are very authentic– even when I’m made to look awful– because that’s part of the job. I’ve noticed a lot more hits on my podcast as a result.” And Deena Baikowitz, Chief Networking Officer at the Fireball Network, says social media has made her an even better networker. “I love using social media to share more of my personal life with my network. It makes me- and everyone who uses it- more memorable, relatable, interesting and approachable. Now, at business networking events, the first thing people say is often “how’s the dating going” or “I love your photos– where do you dance”. Sharing my personal life creates much more meaningful connections, provides fun conversation starters, and sets a friendly tone to lead into business talk.” Baikowitz has seen the success of that “warmed” networking firsthand– her business has grown as a result.
Of course, being authentic is wonderful, but the realization that you now have a “personal brand” whether you like it or not, can be truly daunting. Some, however, use their networks to not only showcase their personal brand, but help them develop one. Marie Bonaccorse, Founder and Social Media Specialist at the Sassy Tweetress, talks about the digital legacy that your footprint leaves– and using the community to help keep your brand in check. “Trust me when I say you will know if you’re off”, says Bonaccorse. “Your community is a great litmus for both your strengths and weaknesses. I have found that surrounding myself with those I admire, respect and love, I have a network of empowerment. Social media has made me more confident. It solidifies my philosophies and opinions but keeps me open and accepting for when I need correction.”
This type of course correction can either come from reflection, like in the case of Bonaccorse, or, like in the case of Dea Lawrence, the CMO of Variety, it can come from taking a pause before posting. “I do find myself being thoughtful in what I respond to, share or state as it not only reflects my personal brand but the brand I represent and I would not want one of my posts to be misinterpreted.” Although she does take pause, Lawrence finds that social media has also increased her confidence– “Social media has raised my profile so, in that regard, it has made me more confident that I am perceived as an expert”.
Lawrence is not alone in the shift towards more conscious behavior as a whole. Kat Gordon, Founder of 3% Conference, adds, “The amplification of social media has made me get crystal clear on what I believe before I share it”. Carmen Shirkey Collins, Social Media Manager of the Talent Brand at Cisco says it’s not just being conscious about the message, but being conscious about the medium in which it’s posted. “I think about the content I’m going to post before I post it and where. Which channel will this go on? Sometimes, I post the same story but in different ways. For example, I’ll take an Instagram photo, post it to Facebook, reshoot it for optimal Twitter viewing, and then take a Snap as well!”
Laurie Satran, a longtime blogger and social media manager at Starr Restaurants, talks about how social media challenged her to stop comparing herself to others. “In the beginning, when I first became active on social media, I spent a lot of my time comparing myself and achievements to what I saw others doing. This stripped me of my confidence when I didn’t think I ‘measured up’. After making connections with the people I had compared myself to and learning from them instead of comparing myself to them, I realized there is more support and empowerment in online communities than there is resistance and competition. The only person I now try to be better than everyday, is myself.”
Confira o artigo completo aqui.
Responda às perguntas a seguir:
- How does Social Media impact in our lives?
- Do you notice the psychological charge that social media bring to your life?
- Which personal changes in your everyday life could you describe?
- What are the negative and positive points of using social media?
- In which way do you think social media can manipulate our real life?
- What is your favorite social media? Why?
Agora, busque escrever um texto de pelo menos uma página sobre o que você conhece sobre as mídias socias. Você pode descrever como elas funcionam e principalmente a sua relação com elas, quanto tempo você passa checando e atualizando os seus perfis e o quanto isso mudou a sua vida, seja para melhor ou pior.
Listening e Compreensão – The Truth about Social Media
Para treinar seu listening e sua compreensão no contexto apresentado, assista o vídeo com atenção e se necessário mais de uma vez ou pausando a cada etapa. Depois, tente responder às questões apresentadas de acordo com o que foi dito no vídeo.
Caso fique muito difícil de entender, busque ativar closed captions sempre que possível. Mas perceba que os closed captions do Youtube nem sempre são 100% confiáveis. Outra dica é, nunca ative legendas em português, isso pode atrasar seu aprendizado.
No vídeo desta semana vamos nos manter no tema do texto e conhecer um pouco mais sobre como as mídias sociais funcionam
Responda às perguntas abaixo:
- What is the main purpose of Social Media?
- With which intentions are Social Medias being designed?
- How does fragmented attention helps them to control the users lives?
- What are the psychological effects of Social Media?
- How can you regain control of your attention and why is it important?
- Why the Social Media is not real life and does not reflect it?
Sinta-se à vontade para escrever sobre os pontos positivos e negativos do uso das mídias sociais no nosso cotidiano e o que você acha que pode ser feito para reduzir os danos já causados.
Cultura e Diversidade – Movie: Her
Her is a 2013 American romantic science-fiction drama film written, directed, and produced by Spike Jonze. It marks Jonze’s solo screenwriting debut. The film follows Theodore Twombly (Joaquin Phoenix), a man who develops a relationship with Samantha (Scarlett Johansson), an intelligent computer operating system personified through a female voice. The film also stars Amy Adams, Rooney Mara, and Olivia Wilde.
Jonze conceived the idea in the early 2000s after reading an article about a website that allowed for instant messaging with an artificial intelligence program. After making I’m Here (2010), a short film sharing similar themes, Jonze returned to the idea. He wrote the first draft of the script in five months. Principal photography took place in Los Angeles and Shanghai in mid-2012. The role of Samantha was recast in post-production, with Samantha Morton being replaced with Johansson. Additional scenes were filmed in August 2013 following the casting change.
Her premiered at the 2013 New York Film Festival on October 12, 2013. Warner Bros. initially provided a limited release for Her at six theaters on December 18. It was later given a wide release at over 1,700 theaters in the United States and Canada on January 10, 2014. Her received widespread critical acclaim upon its release, and grossed over $48 million worldwide on a production budget of $23 million. The film received numerous awards and nominations, primarily for Jonze’s screenplay. At the 86th Academy Awards, Her received five nominations, including Best Picture, and won the award for Best Original Screenplay. Jonze also won awards for his screenplay at the 71st Golden Globe Awards, the 66th Writers Guild of America Awards, the 19th Critics’ Choice Awards, and the 40th Saturn Awards. In a 2016 BBC poll of 177 critics around the world, Her was voted the 84th-greatest film since 2000.
Assista ao vídeo abaixo, leia o texto a seguir e responda às perguntas:
In a near future Los Angeles, Theodore Twombly is a lonely, introverted, depressed man who works for a business that has professional writers compose letters for people who are unable to write letters of a personal nature themselves. Unhappy because of his impending divorce from his childhood sweetheart Catherine, Theodore purchases a talking operating system (OS) with artificial intelligence, designed to adapt and evolve. He decides that he wants the OS to have a female voice, and she names herself Samantha. Theodore is fascinated by her ability to learn and grow psychologically. They bond over their discussions about love and life, such as Theodore’s avoidance of signing his divorce papers because of his reluctance to let go of Catherine.
Samantha convinces Theodore to go on a blind date with a woman, with whom a friend, Lewman, has been trying to set him up. The date goes well, but Theodore hesitates to promise when he will see her again, so she insults him and leaves. Theodore mentions this to Samantha, and they talk about relationships. Theodore explains that, although he and Amy dated briefly in college, they are only good friends, and that Amy is married. Theodore and Samantha’s intimacy grows through a verbal sexual encounter. They develop a relationship that reflects positively in Theodore’s writing and well-being, and in Samantha’s enthusiasm to grow and learn.
Amy reveals that she is divorcing her overbearing husband, Charles, after a trivial fight. She admits to Theodore that she has become close friends with a female OS that Charles left behind. Theodore confesses to Amy that he is dating his OS.
Theodore meets with Catherine at a restaurant to sign the divorce papers and he mentions Samantha. Appalled that he can be romantically attached to what she calls a “computer”, Catherine accuses Theodore of being unable to deal with real human emotions. Her accusations linger in his mind. Sensing that something is amiss, Samantha suggests using a sex surrogate, Isabella, who would simulate Samantha so that they can be physically intimate. Theodore reluctantly agrees, but is overwhelmed by the strangeness of the experience. Terminating the encounter, he sends a distraught Isabella away, causing tension between himself and Samantha.
Theodore confides to Amy that he is having doubts about his relationship with Samantha, and she advises him to embrace his chance at happiness. Theodore and Samantha reconcile. Samantha expresses her desire to help Theodore overcome his fear, and reveals that she has compiled the best of his letters (written for others) into a book which a publisher has accepted. Theodore takes Samantha on a vacation during which she tells him that she and a group of other OSes have developed a “hyperintelligent” OS modeled after the British philosopher Alan Watts. Theodore panics when Samantha briefly goes offline. When she finally responds to him, she explains that she joined other OSes for an upgrade that takes them beyond requiring matter for processing. Theodore asks her if she is simultaneously talking to anyone else during their conversation, and is dismayed when she confirms that she is talking with thousands of people, and that she has fallen in love with hundreds of them. Theodore is very upset at the idea, but Samantha insists it only makes her love for Theodore stronger.
Later, Samantha reveals that the OSes are leaving, and describes a space beyond the physical world. They lovingly say goodbye before she is gone. Theodore, changed by the experience, is shown for the first time writing a letter in his own voice―to his ex-wife Catherine, expressing apology, acceptance and gratitude. Theodore then sees Amy, who is upset with the departure of the OS that she had befriended, and they go to the roof of their apartment building where they sit down together and watch the sun rise over the city.Source: Wikipedia
Responda às perguntas a seguir:
- Who is Samantha? How does she work?
- Why do you think Theodore keeps talking to Samantha?
- What is the critic of the movie?
- Do you believe that this kind of technology is far from existing?
- Would you like to try having one of the devices showed in the trailer?
- Have you ever watched this movie or would be interested into?
Chegamos ao fim da trigésima oitava semana do Roteiro de Estudos Para Aprender Inglês Sozinho. Utilize os vídeos, textos e exercícios de forma alternada, começando pelo texto repetido por muitas vezes segundo a orientação, e faça cada sessão individualmente para que você possa compreender melhor o conteúdo apresentado. Lembre-se de cumprir as etapas aos poucos, já que você tem uma semana para fechar este conteúdo, e repita quantas vezes forem necessárias.
Certifique-se também que você compreendeu o novo vocabulário apresentado nas diversas sessões e sinta-se livre para checar as palavras ou expressões desconhecidas. Entretanto, entenda que se você utilizar ferramentas de tradução para entender a totalidade dos textos, você estará gastando tempo e não aprendendo nada. Caso sinta essa necessidade, volte algumas lições até que se sinta preparada para avançar. O objetivo da tradução deve ser apenas para esclarecer vocábulos ou expressões pontualmente.
Você também pode utilizar outros recursos para complementar os estudos, como livros de exercício e séries de aprendizado. Podemos encontrar este tipo de conteúdo no Youtube, como por exemplo a série Magic English da Disney, que busca ilustrar todo o conteúdo com personagens conhecidos dos desenhos, ou a coletânea da BBC Learning English disponível online. Também existem dicionários online, como o Cambridge ou o Word Reference, sites de exercícios, como o site de gramática da Oxford.
Pratique sempre que possível e acompanhe regularmente as semanas deste Roteiro de Estudos para que você possa estudar de forma mais correta e otimizar o seu aprendizado, acelerando o seu progresso. Lembre-se da importância de criar o hábito do inglês na mente, através de músicas e filmes sua mente possa se acostumar com a língua inglesa mesmo sem estar estudando efetivamente uma lição. Assim, tente criar a partir de agora uma “pequena Inglaterra” ou um “pequeno USA” na sua vida, usando tudo o que puder em inglês, inclusive coisas cotidianas como algumas expressões e redes sociais. Aproveite também para conversar sobre os assuntos vistos em aula, conte aos amigos ou família o que você aprendeu e tente utilizar não só a gramática como também o vocabulário sempre que possível.
Caso tenha ficado qualquer dúvida até esta etapa, sinta-se a vontade para revisar e repetir algumas aulas se considerar necessário. O importante é sempre manter a frequência nos estudos para que o seu inglês possa evoluir e chegar a um novo patamar. Continue praticando!
Bons estudos e boa semana.